Designers then create the pattern pieces that will be used to construct the finished garment. Machine operators, therefore, will continue to perform most sewing tasks, and automated sewing will be limited to simple functions. Archived copy as title Use British English from September
Others are employed in cobbler shops, where they repair shoes and other leather products, such as luggage. Pressers receive a garment after it has been assembled. Pressers eliminate wrinkles and give shape to finished products.
Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers inspect finished products to ensure consistency and quality. Industrial machinery mechanics inspect machines to make sure they are working properly. They clean, oil, and grease parts and tighten belts on a regular basis. When necessary, they make adjustments or replace worn parts and put the equipment back together. Mechanics are under pressure to fix equipment quickly because breakdowns usually stop or slow production.
In addition to making repairs, mechanics help install new machines. They may enter instructions for computer-controlled machinery and demonstrate the equipment to machine operators. Engineers and engineering technicians account for less than 1 percent of employment in these industries.
Some engineers are textile engineers , who specialize in the design of textile machinery or new textile production methods, or the study of fibers. The industries also employ other types of engineers, particularly industrial and mechanical engineers.
Fashion designers are the artists of the apparel industry. They create ideas for a range of products including coats, suits, dresses, hats, and underwear. Fashion designers begin the process by making rough sketches of garments or accessories, often using computer-assisted design CAD software. This software prints detailed designs from a computer drawing.
It can also store fashion styles and colors that can be accessed and easily changed. Designers then create the pattern pieces that will be used to construct the finished garment. They measure and draw pattern pieces to actual size on paper.
Then, they use these pieces to measure and cut pattern pieces in a sample fabric. Designers sew the pieces together and fit them on a model. They examine the sample garment and make changes until they get the effect they want. Some designers use assistants to cut and sew pattern pieces to their specifications.
A high school diploma or GED is sufficient for most entry-level production occupations, although familiarity with computers and some postsecondary training is needed for more technical jobs and to operate sophisticated machinery. As the production of textiles and apparel items becomes more technologically advanced, education and training is playing a larger role in the workplace.
Administrative and professional workers often require more formal postsecondary education. Most production workers in textile and apparel manufacturing are trained on the job. Although a high school diploma is not required for many jobs, some employers prefer it. Extensive on-the-job training has become an integral part of working in today's textile mills. This training is designed to help workers understand complex automated machinery, recognize problems, and restart machinery when the problem is solved.
Some of this training may be obtained at technical schools and community colleges. Basic math and computer skills are important for computer-controlled machine operators so some job applicants are screened through the use of tests, to ensure that they have the necessary skills.
Increasingly, training is offered to enable people to work well in a team-oriented environment. Many firms have established training centers or host seminars that encourage employee self-direction and responsibility and the development of interpersonal skills. Because of the emphasis on teamwork and the small number of management levels in modern textile mills, firms place a premium on workers who show initiative and communicate effectively.
Cutters and pressers are trained on the job, while patternmakers and markers usually have technical or trade school training. All of these workers must understand textile characteristics and have a good sense of three-dimensional space. Traditional cutters need exceptional hand-eye coordination. Patternmakers and markers usually design pattern pieces and layouts on a computer screen, so new entrants seeking these jobs should learn basic computer skills.
Those running automatic cutting machines could need technical training, which is available from vocational schools. Sewing machine operators must have good hand-eye coordination and dexterity, as well as an understanding of textile fabrics.
They are trained on the job for a period of several weeks to several months, depending on their previous experience and the function for which they are training. Operators usually begin by performing simple tasks, working their way up to more difficult assemblies and fabrics as they gain experience. Advancement often takes the form of higher wages as workers become more experienced, although operators who have good people and organizational skills may become supervisors.
Operators with high school diplomas and some vocational school training have better chances for advancement. Fashion designers create original garments that follow well established fashion trends. Therefore, they need to have good sense of color, texture, and style. In addition they must know how to use computer-assisted design and understand the characteristics of specific fabrics, such as durability and stiffness, and anticipate construction problems.
Applicants may be required to submit drawings and other examples of their artistic ability. Graduates of associate degree programs generally qualify as assistants to designers.
Beginning designers usually receive on-the-job training. They normally need 1 to 3 years of training before they advance to higher level positions, such as assistant technical designer, pattern designer, or head designer.
Sometimes fashion designers advance by moving to bigger firms. Some designers choose to move into positions in business or merchandising. Engineers generally need a bachelor's or advanced degree in a field of engineering or production management.
Degrees in mechanical or industrial engineering are common, but concentrations in textile-specific areas of engineering are especially useful. For example, many applicants take classes in textile engineering, textile technology, textile materials, and design. These specialized programs usually are found in engineering and design schools in the South and Northeast. As in other industries, a technical degree with an advanced degree in business can lead to opportunities in management.
Jobs in textile, textile product, and apparel manufacturing will continue to decline rapidly as advances in manufacturing technology allow fewer workers to produce greater output, and growing imports compete with domestically made textile and apparel products.
Wage and salary employment in the textile, textile product, and apparel manufacturing industries is expected to decline by 48 percent through , compared with a projected increase of 11 percent for all industries combined.
Nevertheless, some job openings will arise as experienced workers transfer to other industries or retire or leave the workforce for other reasons.
Employment projections for industry sectors are shown in table 3 below. Increasing investment in technology by textile mills, and the resulting increase in labor productivity, is the major reason for the projected decline in employment in the textile mills sector.
Wider looms, robotics, new methods for making textiles that do not require spinning or weaving, and the application of computers to various processes result in fewer workers being needed to produce the same amount of textile products.
Companies are also continuing to open new, more modern plants, which use fewer workers, while closing older, less efficient ones.
As this happens, overall demand for textile machine operators and material handlers will continue to decline, but demand for those who have the skills to operate the more advanced machines will grow. Changing trade regulations are the single most important factor influencing future employment patterns. Because the apparel manufacturing sector is labor intensive, it is especially vulnerable to import competition from nations in which workers receive lower wages.
In , quotas for apparel and textile products were lifted among members of the World Trade Organization, including most U. Although some bilateral quotas have been re-imposed between the United States and China, the expiration of quotas in has allowed more apparel and textile products to be imported into the United States. It does not, however, have as adverse an effect on the demand for some of the pre-sewing functions, such as designing, because much of the apparel will still be designed by American workers.
Continuing changes in the market for apparel goods will exert cost-cutting pressures that affect all workers in the textile and apparel industries. Consumers are becoming more price conscious, retailers are gaining more bargaining power with apparel producers, and increasing competition is limiting the ability of producers to pass on costs to consumers.
Apparel firms are likely to respond by relying more on foreign production and boosting productivity through investments in technology and new work structures. Apparel firms also continue to merge or consolidate to remain competitive. This trend continues to drive down the number of firms in this industry, which usually leads to job losses, especially in non-production areas.
In the future, the apparel manufacturing sector will be dominated by highly efficient, profitable organizations that have developed their dominance through strategies that enable them to be among the lowest cost producers of apparel. Consolidation and mergers are likely to result in layoffs of some workers. Some segments of the textile mill products sector, like industrial fabrics, carpets, and specialty yarns, are highly automated, innovative, and competitive on a global scale, so they will be able to expand exports as a result of more open trade.
Other sectors, such as fabric for apparel, will be negatively affected, as a number of apparel manufacturers relocate production to other countries. Textile mills are likely to lose employment as a result. The expected increase in apparel imports will adversely affect demand for domestically produced textiles.
New technology will increase the apparel manufacturing sector's productivity, although it is likely to remain labor-intensive. The variability of cloth and the intricacy of the cuts and seams of the assembly process have been difficult to automate. Machine operators, therefore, will continue to perform most sewing tasks, and automated sewing will be limited to simple functions. In some cases, however, computerized sewing machines will increase the productivity of operators and reduce required training time.
Technology also is increasing the productivity of workers who perform other functions, such as designing, marking, cutting, and pressing. Computers and automated machinery will continue to raise productivity and reduce the demand for workers in these areas. Despite the overall decline in employment, job prospects for skilled production workers, engineers, merchandisers, and designers should be fair as the industry evolves into one that primarily requires people with good communication skills, creativity, and who are skilled enough to operate today's high technology computer-operated machines.
Further, many of the skills used in this industry are comparable to those in other manufacturing industries, so workers may move between industries depending on the opportunities available in their areas of specialty. Competition is expected be keen for fashion designers, as many designers are attracted to the creativity and glamour associated with the occupation.
Earnings within the textile industry depend upon skill level and type of mill. Wages in selected occupations in textile and apparel manufacturing appear in table 4. Traditionally, sewing machine operators are paid on a piecework basis determined by the quantity of goods they produce.
Many companies are changing to incentive systems based on group performance that considers both the quantity and the quality of the goods produced. A few companies pay production workers a salary. Nature of the Industry Working Conditions Employment Occupations in the Industry Training and Advancement Outlook Earnings Related Careers Significant Points Employment is expected to decline rapidly because of technological advances and imports of apparel and textiles from lower wage countries.
Most production workers are trained on the job. Nature of the Industry [ About this section ] [ To Top ] The textile, textile product, and apparel manufacturing industries include establishments that process fiber into fabric and fabric into clothing and other textile products.
Textiles whose raw material originates from man-made fibre are manufactured through several complex processes. From polymer spinning of raw fibres up to the final finished product, several surfactants or derivatives are required in each of such processes. And because each process may require a different function, such surfactants or derivatives must have the versatility to match contradictory requirements.
Our company offers products which cover the entire textile value chain from polymer spinning through sizing, scouring to final finishing of textile products.
In the production of man made fibres, from polymer extrusion spinning of raw fibres up to the processing of such fibres into end products, our spin finishes are well designed and test-proved to cope with the requirements of production and conversion of such fibres into textile products in a fashion that meets all requirements of each individual process.
Using our latest technology, we offer our fibre surface treatment products and spin finishes which are of such value addition and functionality to such highly functional products like carbon fibre and non woven fibre. In applications as sensitive as life-saving artificial dialysis, the pores which are created in the fibre structure in the hollow fibres used for the device are developed using our chemical.
We are set to remain a trusted partner in the research, development, and delivery of products which are appreciated by our customers. In filament yarn weaving, whether it is water jet loom or air jet loom, high speed is the norm. Our sizing chemical for filament yarn weaving delivers that much sufficient lubrication and protection against abrasion so that maximum weaving efficiency is attained. Similarly, in spun yarn sizing, our one-shot compact size is ready made allowing economy on the storage and inventory controls.
One size fits all type of sizing chemical is available. Due to friction, tension and pressure, yarn in knitting or weaving may undergo damage, or yarn itself can cause abrasion to certain sensitive parts of the machine such as reeds in weaving or needles in knitting.
Most of the wage and salary workers employed in the textile mills, textile product, and apparel manufacturing industries in were found in California and in the southeastern States. California, Georgia, and North Carolina, together accounted for about 44 percent of all workers. HOME > Products：Textile Industry. Textiles whose raw material originates from man-made fibre are manufactured through several complex processes. From polymer spinning of raw fibres up to the final finished product, several surfactants or derivatives are required in each of such processes. The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing. The raw material may be natural, or synthetic using products of the chemical industry.